Paraphrases had been more frequent than direct quotes possibly simply because they accorded the journalist the flexibleness to state writers’ tips in a fashion which more closely supported their particular. The flexibleness, but, ended up being available to abuse as obvious in circumstances where in actuality the lecturer commented ‘is this a reflection that is accurate of writer’s tips?’ or comparable responses. Paraphrases had been additionally popular perhaps since they failed to need the author to improve and mix their idiosyncratic syntactic style to the writer’s. Authors could concisely offer their very own phrase for the writer’s some ideas.
The preponderance of integral citations set alongside the citations that are non-integral describes the prevalence of grammatically incorrect citations that characterise the writing of several pupils. Because in non-integral citations the language of attribution resides outside of the sentence, it offers no direct grammatical role within the phrase. In comparison, integral citations affect the grammaticality associated with the phrase for which they truly are embodied. Error lack where pupils avoided the usage of attributive language did not reflect student competence necessarily since problematic structures will be the ones prevented (Xie & Jiang, 2007).